Arboretum Publications

Selected Arboretum Publications

(For current publications, see Arnoldia and Silva.)

These earlier publications of the Arnold Arboretum are available through the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL), a consortium of 12 natural history and botanical libraries. The Arnold Arboretum and partner institutions cooperate to digitize and make accessible their collected legacy literature of biodiversity and make that literature available for open access and responsible use as a part of a global “biodiversity commons.” BHL also serves as the foundational literature component of the Encyclopedia of Life (EOL).

Additionally, Journal of the Arnold Arboretum (1919-1990), which includes Alfred Rehder’s bibliography of Charles Sprague Sargent, is available at Botanicus Digital Library, a freely accessible portal to historic botanical literature from the Missouri Botanical Garden Library.

Alfred Rehder Alfred Rehder (1863-1949)
The Bradley Bibliography (1911-18) contains the titles of books and of articles in the “Proceedings of Scientific Societies and Journals” relating to the woody plants of the world, in all languages, published before the beginning of the twentieth century.
Ethelyn Maria Tucker Ethelyn Maria Tucker (1871- )
Catalogue of the Library of the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University (1914-1933) is a three volume set that contains an alphabetical index of the 41,000 volumes held in the Arboretum’s library collection in 1933.
Check-list of Plants Mentioned in the Arnold Arboretum Bulletins Charles Downing Lay (1877-1956) and Robert Wheelwright (1884-1965)
A Check-list of Plants Mentioned in the Arnold Arboretum Bulletins (1919) is a comprehensive index compiled to exhibit the Arnold Arboretum’s “introduction and testing of new varieties from different parts of the world; in rescuing from oblivion many native plants…and in fostering our inherited love for plants as part of the natural landscape.”
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Journal of the Arnold Arboretum (1919-1990) includes research papers in botany, especially taxonomy and phylogeny, anatomy, cytology, embryology, palynology, and ecology.
Garden and Forest Garden and Forest: A Journal of Horticulture, Landscape Art, and Forestry (1888-1898) was the first American journal to address the rise of these emerging fields. It contains articles on landscape design and preservation, national and urban park development, scientific forestry, and the conservation of forest resources. Search Garden and Forest.
Plantae Wilsonianae Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 by Ernest Henry Wilson (1913-1917).
Sargentia Sargentia: A Continuation of the Contributions from the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University (1942-1949) was, according to E.D. Merill, “a place for the publication of important technical papers by [Arnold Arboretum] staff members that are too long for journal articles.” Merill went on to state in his preface to the first issue, “It seems eminently fitting that this series of papers, sponsored by the institution that essentially represents the life-work of Charles Sprague Sargent, should bear his name.”
Catalogue of the Forest Trees of North America Charles Sprague Sargent (1841-1927)
A Catalogue of the Forest Trees of North America (1880) is a preliminary listing of the geographical distribution and economic properties of trees by species, and notably encourages botanists and naturalists to complete or correct any obsolete data within its pages.
A Few Suggestions on Tree Planting Charles Sprague Sargent (1841-1927)
A Few Suggestions on Tree Planting (1876) encourages the public, particularly estate owners, to counteract the destruction of forests with detailed descriptions of how certain species thrive and function in the climate of Massachusetts, and provides horticultural procedures which ensure long-term efficiency and benefit.
First Fifty Years of the Arnold Arboretum Charles Sprague Sargent (1841-1927)
The First Fifty Years of the Arnold Arboretum (1922), reprinted from The Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Volume III number 3, offers a detailed history of the oldest public arboretum in North America and the people who helped create it.
Forest Flora of Japan Charles Sprague Sargent (1841-1927)
Forest Flora of Japan (1894) originally published in Garden and Forest, contains Sargent’s notes on the country’s flora based on his visit to Japan in 1893.
Manual of the Trees of North America Charles Sprague Sargent (1841-1927)
Manual of the Trees of North America (exclusive of Mexico) (1905) “contains information concerning the trees of North America which has been gathered at the Arnold Arboretum over the last thirty years” (C.S. Sargent). The second edition (1922) contains additional illustrations from drawings by Charles Edward Faxon and Mary W. Gill.
Silva of North America Charles Sprague Sargent (1841-1927)
The Silva of North America (1891-1902) in fourteen folio volumes covers the physical aspects, locations, ecological role, and the historical background of every species of tree native to North America (excluding Mexico), with each genus illustrated by numerous detailed engravings.
Report on the Forests of North America Charles Sprague Sargent (1841-1927)
Report on the Forests of North America (exclusive of Mexico) (1884) is a detailed survey of North American trees by region, distribution, and economic uses. Includes regional color maps showing distribution of species and forest density. Another version, with detailed maps, is available at The US Census Bureau online.
Scientific Papers of Asa Gray Charles Sprague Sargent (1841-1927)
Scientific Papers of Asa Gray, selected by Charles Sprague Sargent (1889) is a compendium of Gray’s writings, considered to be some of the most influential of the nineteenth century, especially upon the theories of Charles Darwin.
Trees of Commonwealth Avenue Charles Sprague Sargent (1841-1927)
The Trees of Commonwealth Avenue, Boston (1909) provides a detailed analysis of this part of Frederick Law Olmsted‘s original Emerald Necklace design from 1880. Sargent suggests various methods of tree care and maintenance. The book is a noteworthy example of the development of urban forestry.
Woods of the United States Charles Sprague Sargent (1841-1927)
The Woods of the United States (1885) lists the physical characteristics of United States trees by genus and species. Supplementary tables rank types of wood based upon fuel value, gravity, elasticity, and resistance to pressure.
Genus Pinus George Russell Shaw (1848-1937)
The Genus Pinus (1914). The characteristics of Pinus include extreme adaptability to a range of climates. Shaw offers his own perspective on the species evolution, germination, and distribution.
Pines of Mexico George Russell Shaw (1848-1937)
The Pines of Mexico (1909) is a systematic arrangement of the wide range of pines native to the region. Mexico’s immense biodiversity provides an appropriate context for further study of the genus.
Conifers and Taxads of Japan Ernest Henry Wilson (1876-1930)
The Conifers and Taxads of Japan (1916) lists the native species encountered and collected during Wilson’s Arnold Arboretum-sponsored expedition to Japan in 1914. Wilson states in his introduction, “Indeed, in Japan one is never out of sight of conifers.”
A Monograph of Azaleas Ernest Henry Wilson (1876-1930) and Alfred Rehder (1863-1949)
A Monograph of Azaleas: Rhododendron subgenus Anthodendron (1921) is a study and enumeration of various Azaleas cultivated as garden plants in both the Old World and in North America, elaborating on previous descriptions with independent field research.
A Naturalist in Western China Ernest Henry Wilson (1876-1930) and Charles Sprague Sargent (1841-1927)
A Naturalist in Western China (1913), with an introduction by Charles Sprague Sargent, is a two-volume account of Wilson’s “eleven years’ travel, exploration, and observation in the more remote parts of the flowery kingdom.”