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Tree habit with Frank Meyer

Pinus sinensis. A branch variation on a pine tree. A curious example of mutation. Near Shan hai kwan, China. April 28, 1906. [Information from label on verso of photo mount.] Photograph 5251. Original library accession 6798. 9.5 x 12.5 cm. Gelatin silver process.

Pinus sinensis China

[Title from recto of mount.]
Alternate Title: Exterior view of a chapel with palm trees
Photograph by Frank Nicholas Meyer (1875-1918), Dutch, American
Shanhaiguan, Hebei Sheng, China
April 28, 1906

A larger version of this image is available in HOLLIS Images.

Frank Nicholas Meyer began his career at the Amsterdam Botanical Garden where he worked his way up to the position of head gardener in charge of the experimental garden. His aptitude caught the attention of Hugo de Vries (1848-1935), who became his mentor.

Meyer arrived in America in 1901, and obtained work with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). After a year with the USDA, he went to Mexico to collect plants. On his return in 1904, David Fairchild (1869-1954) of the Foreign Plant Introduction Section of the USDA hired Meyer to make a collecting trip to China. When Meyer sailed for China in 1905, he began a 13-year odyssey that led to the introduction of more than 2,000 species of plants. In an arrangement between Charles S. Sargent and Fairchild, Meyer sent the Arboretum trees and shrubs of ornamental value.

Meyer died in China in 1918 after a fall from a boat. In 1920, his former associates at the USDA had a medal struck with funds he had bequeathed them. In recognition of his contributions and service, the Frank N. Meyer Medal for Plant Genetic Resources is presented yearly for service to the National Plant Germplasm System, whose mission is to preserve the genetic diversity of plants.

Copyright © 2004, President and Fellows of Harvard College, Arnold Arboretum Archives; all rights reserved.

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