My luck with Metasequoia

by Li Wang, Visiting Scholar

September 9, 2019

Metasequoia at the Arnold Arboretum

My luck with Metasequoia

Metasequoia at the Arnold Arboretum

Metasequoia growing well near the Hunnewell Building Visitor Center at the Arnold Arboretum. Photo by Li Wang.

Metasequoia glyptostroboides (dawn redwood) is my favorite plant. Our first meeting was in a primary school textbook. The green, feather-like, leafy shoots were displayed against the clear water of a lake. It looked so fresh and light, and quickly attracted my attention. At that time I knew its name was Shui-Shan (水杉, meaning “water fir” in Chinese). When I became an undergraduate student at Sichuan University in Chengdu, China in 1999, I first saw real Metasequoia trees. They grow in front of the teaching building, a great example of Chinese traditional architecture, and they create a peaceful environment for study.

Comparison of Yunnan fossil metasequoia foliate and cones with modern trees

Morphological comparison of fossilized Metasequoia leafy shoots and female cones from central Yunnan with those of modern trees. Figure is from Wang et al, 2019. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 264: 64-74.

I became a PhD student of Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) in 2006, and did my Metasequoia research with Professor Qin Leng. She is a Metasequoia specialist and cooperates with Dr. Hong Yang from Bryant University. They collected many Metasequoia fossils around the world, from the Canadian Arctic to Japan and from the Palaeocene to Pleistocene. Through these excellently preserved fossils I could travel deep into the ancient ages. I was fascinated by the evolution of their leaf morphology and the immense beauty of their micro-morphology. In order to compare the leaf morphologies of the fossils and living trees, I climbed two Metasequoia trees to the top to collect samples. When I observed them under the microscope, I found exciting morphologies similar to the fossils. I also found a method to prepare the brittle cuticle of the fossil leaves. In 2010, at the Third International Metasequoia Symposium in Osaka, Japan, I visited the Osaka Museum of Natural History and was lucky to see Dr. Shigeru Miki’s slices of Metasequoia fossils. These proved useful in finishing my PhD thesis: “Morphology and anatomy of Metasequoia leaves and their environmental significance: evidence from comparative studies of fossils and “living fossil.”

In the spring of 2011, I received an exciting email from Professor Dr. Zhe-kun Zhou, a botanist and palaeobotanist at the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, CAS. His paleoecology group found Metasequoia-like leafy shoots in central Yunnan: a great find! So I went to Yunnan, and became a post-doctoral fellow under his direction. After numerous excavations at the field outcrop, I opened a siltstone and a very beautiful female cone appeared. Joyfully, I immediately called Prof. Zhou with my belief that the fossil was actually Metasequoia! At last we found evidence that the intensification of Asian monsoons caused Metasequoia’s disappearance from Yunnan. Now it grows naturally only in the narrow boundary of Hubei, Chongqing, and Hunan Provinces in Central China, where the monsoon season is weaker and precipitation in spring is greater than in central Yunnan.

When I visited the Metasequoia population in Lichuan City, Hubei in late autumn 2018, I preferred going through the smaller paths in the forest, which were covered in thick “snows”—the fallen leafy shoots of the dawn redwood. I was astonished by the great quantity of leaves produced and sent drifting back to earth every year! When you look at the distant mountains, you see such beautiful scenery—standing out against the green background are coppery red Metasequoia trees growing towards the blue sky. Here is a pure land on Earth.

Metasequoia in Hubei

Metasequoia tree (number 0002) in Xiaohe Village, Lichuan City, in China’s Hubei Province.

I am lucky for having the chance to conduct research at the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University, and design interesting morphological and physiological experiments. Here I see my good old friends again: the earliest living Metasequoia trees to be planted outside of their native valleys in China. Along the Chinese Path in the Explorers Garden is a small Metasequoia grove. It looks so similar to the Metasequoia path in Guihua Village, Lichuan City, which gives me such strong feelings of nostalgia. Growing in the front of the Hunnewell Visitor Center, Metasequoia trees have become landmarks of the Arnold Arboretum. Every morning when I look at them, I am encouraged by their grand and elegant appearance. They welcome everyone coming to the Arnold Arboretum, and symbolize discovery and the Arboretum’s role in sharing the beauty and wonder of nature.

Li Wang, PhD, is a visiting researcher, part of a program with the Chinese Union of Botanical Gardens that brings scholars annually to the Arnold Arboretum. Li’s research at the Arboretum is supported by the Chinese Union of Botanical Gardens, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden (XTBG) and its Herbarium, and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).

3 thoughts on “My luck with Metasequoia

  1. I was fascinated by this article . We have a forest of Metasequoia glyptostroboides at the National Arboretum Canberra (Australia). I was fortunate to visit Arnold Arboretum last year and we saw your impressive trees – ours are only 9 years old, so we brought home some aspirational photos.
    Why I am writing is that I produce the Friends Newsletter for the NAC and I was wondering if it would be possible to reproduce this article as I think many of our readers would also find it as fascinating as I did.

  2. Question: There are five (or six) Metasequoia glyptostroboides in the NE corner of Harvard Yard, and mighty handsome they are. I just walked through and picked up a dozen or so female cones; they too are handsome, brown, and all opened. I was hoping to get some seed; am I too late? Thanks.

  3. Hi Craig, yes, Metasequoia cones are exceptionally lovely. Based on the Arboretum’s plant records, the best time for collecting Metasequoia seed locally is from late October to mid December. With that said, I shook a few Metasequioa cones on a recent walk (at Newton Cemetery), and a few seeds fluttered free. So if you keep looking, you might have a little luck still this spring.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *